Analysis on Safety Management and Control of Color Sorting Machinery
The safety management of color sorting machinery and equipment is an important part of the modern management of grain storage enterprises, and safety prevention and control are "safety first, prevention first" safety work guidance thoughts are implemented in detail. The role and status of color sorting machinery in grain storage enterprises is becoming more and more prominent. While reducing labor intensity, it has also greatly improved the economic benefits of grain storage enterprises, and enterprises have become familiar with the safety management of machinery and equipment. The importance of. Under the conditions of "two guarantees", grain enterprises should also ensure that people and property are not lost during the use of machinery and equipment. In order to further promote the implementation of the responsibility for food safety and production, take the initiative to investigate hidden dangers, effectively curb the occurrence of various accidents, and ensure that the food safety and production situation in the region during the National Day period continues to be undisrupted. Supervision of the storage, management and use process of aluminum medicament to prevent accidents. The second is to further strengthen the inspection and rectification of the state's grain storage units, rental warehouse fire equipment, fire protection measures, and whether they can be used normally. The third is to supervise and urge enterprises to strengthen the inspection of Sheng-type color sorting machinery, strictly follow the operating procedures, and prohibit overload operation and operation with diseases. The fourth is to intensify the rectification of grain storage in dangerous warehouses, and beware of losses caused by the collapse of dangerous warehouses. Fifth, actively cooperate with relevant parts to carry out the inspection and rectification of finished grains, oils and their food. For this reason, grain companies should increase the safety management of color sorting machinery and equipment, and increase investment in the safety management of color sorting machinery.
1. The problems and status quo of safety management of machinery and equipment
For a long time, grain storage companies have focused on the management of food reserves, thinking that as long as the security of the food reserves is to be completed, they have ignored the safety management of machinery and equipment. Although in recent years, through the standardized and refined management of grain storage, the safety management of machinery and equipment has made great progress, but there are still some problems, especially after the transformation of grain enterprises, there are no depots that undertake the task of storing grain. The problem of safety management of machinery and equipment is particularly prominent. First, there are many types of color sorting machinery and equipment, obsolete equipment, high frequency of use, strong seasonality (especially during the period of acquisition and warehousing), and the safety management of machinery and equipment is not comprehensive enough. The second is that some equipment moves frequently, the amount of homework is large, coupled with the professional and technical strength, the weak staff strength, the low level of mechanical equipment management, the management is not in place, and the current governance situation is not optimistic. These problems are more or less existed in grain storage enterprises. If things go on like this, they will bury hidden dangers to the safety of machinery and equipment, and safety accidents are prone to occur during use. Especially during the peak period of the use of machinery and equipment such as grain purchases and grain warehousing in winter and spring each year, staff casualties and equipment damage caused by color sorting machinery and equipment often occur, causing personal safety and national property losses. At present, there are still many problems in the management of machinery and equipment in grain storage enterprises that need to be solved urgently, and the safety management of color sorting machinery and equipment cannot be ignored. Accurately analyzing and solving the problems and contradictions in safety management can effectively improve the economic benefits of the enterprise, and it is also of great significance to the healthy development of the enterprise.
2. Safety governance and control of mechanical equipment
Establishing and improving various regulations and measures for safety management. Scientific governance is a condition to ensure the safety of color sorting machinery. Only standardized, sound and effective safety management systems and measures can ensure that color sorting machinery and equipment are always in good condition. Improve production efficiency.
1. Establish machinery and equipment governance institutions
The establishment and improvement of the mechanical equipment management organization is a condition to ensure the safety of color sorting machinery and equipment. The safety governance organization should be under the leadership of the main person in charge of the enterprise, set up a safety leadership working group, set up a special department to manage and be responsible for machinery and equipment, and implement comprehensive management of machinery and equipment safety based on the principle of "who is in charge and responsible". Plan, clarify the responsibilities and powers of full-time (part-time) staff, fully display the management capabilities of all functional staff, and involve all staff to implement the safety management of machinery and equipment at all levels.
2. The safety management of color sorting machinery should start from the source
The quality of the machinery and equipment itself must meet the standards. For this reason, the management of machinery and equipment should be started from the source, and the purchase and purchase should be strictly controlled. Purchasing machinery and equipment should follow the approval of the procurement plan-purchase by regular manufacturers (bid)-check quality before warehousing (on-site trial or commissioning by professional staff of the manufacturer if available)-establish a mechanical equipment ledger-compile mechanical equipment number (according to category and purpose) )-Randomly archive relevant text materials-determine the person in charge of use-train the users of machinery and equipment-perform the procedures of warehousing and exit procedures during use. This governance process should identify the person in charge of the machinery and equipment and the training of users (employees) as the governance focus, and establish an original record of key safety parts of the machinery and equipment to lay the foundation for future safety governance.
3. Establish and improve the use of systems and operating procedures
Establishing and perfecting the use of machinery and equipment and operating regulations is a necessary prerequisite to ensure the safety of machinery and equipment. According to the actual situation and characteristics of the enterprise, combined with the characteristics of mechanical equipment and the use of imitation orders, adopt a one-machine-one-system, one-machine-one-regulation method for mechanical equipment, formulate corresponding governance systems and operating procedures in a realistic manner, and establish corresponding safety governance at the same time The evaluation and reward mechanism implements the "three-determination" system of fixed mechanism, fixed personnel, and fixed position responsibility system. It is also necessary to formulate a corresponding emergency rescue plan for mechanical equipment safety, and implement safety management throughout the entire use process, so as to be organized. Follow, have evidence to follow, put an end to illegal manipulation. Under normal circumstances, color sorting machinery and equipment cannot be borrowed.
4. Strengthen on-site safety management of machinery and equipment
Before use, color sorting machinery should first conduct a comprehensive inspection of the machinery and equipment, and operate in strict accordance with the use of machinery and equipment and the operating regulations, focusing on the inspection of the transmission parts of the machinery, safety protection parts, mechanical equipment support points and power connections to ensure Mechanical equipment is operating normally. Secondly, in the process of use, it is necessary to clean up the machinery and equipment and the debris on the homework site in time to prevent the safety hazards caused by the machinery and debris on the site. In order to strengthen on-site prevention work, when necessary, protective fences or hanging safety warning signs should be installed near the homework site, non-workers are prohibited from entering the homework site, the vicinity of the homework site should be unblocked, and necessary protective equipment measures should be provided. During the night homework, there should be sufficient lighting equipment on site. During the peak period of grain purchase and drying machinery and equipment use, the system of leading leaders and mechanical maintenance staff on duty should be implemented. During the period of purchase, there should be special personnel on-site to manage. In addition, it should be mandatory that users of mechanical equipment at the homework site should wear protective equipment as required to ensure personal safety and normal operation of mechanical equipment.
5. Strengthen the daily maintenance of machinery and equipment
"Workers must first sharpen their tools if they want to do their jobs well." For the normal operation of machinery and equipment, it is necessary to ensure that the machinery and equipment themselves are in good condition. The daily maintenance and maintenance work of color sorting machinery is very important. It is to repair the sickness of machinery and equipment, and is the basis for ensuring the safe operation of machinery and equipment. Enterprises should formulate daily maintenance plans for machinery and equipment based on actual conditions, and overhaul them at least once a year. Maintenance must establish a safety maintenance fund for machinery and equipment, with special funds dedicated to it, in order to effectively solve potential safety hazards. During the maintenance, the maintenance records shall be filled out specifically, and the maintenance of the safety protection parts shall be emphasized. Through daily maintenance and maintenance, production efficiency can be effectively improved, the service life of mechanical equipment can be prolonged, and the intact rate of mechanical equipment can be 100%.
After the maintenance, the mechanical equipment should be fixed and stored in the mechanical warehouse after the normal debugging. If there is no mechanical library, the mechanical equipment shall be covered when not in use to prevent rain and snow corrosion. After use, a comprehensive inspection of the mechanical equipment should be carried out in time.
6. Disinfect and sterilize mechanical equipment on schedule
Color sorting machinery and equipment are different from machinery and equipment in other industries. They are in contact with food and its products, and machinery and equipment are not allowed to be pests or germs. During the high incidence of pests and germs in summer, the color sorting machinery and equipment should be sterilized on schedule. Especially after the homework on machinery and equipment with grain pests, the machinery and equipment must be sterilized to prevent crossover caused by machinery and equipment. Infections bring security risks to food deposits.
7. Strengthen employee technical skills training
Strengthen the training of employees' technical skills and safety laws and regulations, continuously improve the quality of employees' business and the level of mechanical equipment operation, enhance employees' awareness of safety precautions, and operate strictly in accordance with the job responsibility system and operating procedures, and improve employees' familiarity with safety from the perspective of thinking.
8. Strengthen the safety monitoring and inspection of machinery and equipment
Monitoring and inspection is one of the effective governance methods to ensure the safety of color sorting machinery and equipment. It is a governance process that monitors, inspects and assesses factors such as human behavior during the use of machinery and equipment, operating conditions of machinery and equipment, and on-site environmental hazards, especially in machinery and equipment. During the homework period, it can prevent illegal homework and deal with the discovered problems in time, eliminate safety hazards in the bud, improve production efficiency, and ensure mechanical equipment and personal safety.
3. The hidden benefits of safety governance
The process of safety management is a process of investment in people, money, and materials, and an implementation process of observing the rules and "doing things in accordance with the rules", without the economic benefits of blowing up the chaff. Many companies are only verbal and superficial articles on safety management work, and they have not really implemented the safety management work. The mechanical equipment with disease homework will bury hidden dangers to safety and eventually cause safety accidents. The amount of human, financial, and material investment in safety management work and the effects and benefits of management and management are not the same. Just imagine if there is no investment in safety management, once you are angry and hope that there will be a safety accident in machinery and equipment, the economic benefits will be directly lost. . Safety governance is a hidden benefit. Safety governance must not be verbal. It must be true and implemented. The safety governance of machinery and equipment must be organized, systematic, and with measures, inspections, summaries, and preventions. Control and emergency treatment measures. It is believed that the investment in safety governance will surely bear fruit in safety, and the economic benefits of the enterprise will also be further improved. Safety governance is an important guarantee for the protection of national property and personal safety from loss and the normal production and operation of enterprises. It is also a condition for the creation of a harmonious enterprise.